Exploring the Construction of Identities in Written Humorous Narratives by L2 Learners of Greek

Spyridoula Gasteratou

Abstrakt


The aim of this paper is to explore how adult learners of Greek as a second language construct their identities through humorous written narratives. Analyzing 135 written humorous narratives with Bamberg’s (1997) narrative positioning model and the knowledge resources of script opposition and target from the General Theory of Verbal Humor (Attardo 1994, 2001), we detect two main categories: (a) narratives of legitimizing identities and (b) narratives of resistance identities. Here we discuss one narrative of each category in which narrators position themselves towards aspects of the Greek sociolinguistic context. Humor emerges as a basic tool for identity construction and stance expression, as narrators either align themselves with dominant values of the L2 context or disassociate themselves from it.


Słowa kluczowe


L2 narratives, humor, legitimizing identities, resistance identities, GTVH, script opposition, target.

Pełny tekst:

VIEW FULL TEXT (English)

Bibliografia


Archakis, A. 2014. Immigrant Voices in Students’ Essay Texts: Between Assimilation and Pride. Discourse and Society, 25 (3); 297–314. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926513519539.

Archakis, A. 2016. National and post-national discourses and the construction of linguistic identities by students of Albanian origin in Greece. Multilingua: Journal of Cross–Cultural and Interlanguage Communication, 35 (1), 57–83. https://doi.org/10.1515/multi-2014-0055.

Archakis, A. 2018. The representations of racism in immigrant students’ essays in Greece. The ″hybrid balance″ between legitimizing and resistance identities. Pragmatics, 28 (1), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.16016.arc.

Archakis, Α., & V. Tsakona. 2005. Analyzing conversational data in GTVH terms: A new approach to the issue of identity construction via humor. Humor - International Journal of Humor Research, 18 (1), 41–68. https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.2005.18.1.41.

Archakis, A., & V. Tsakona. 2006. Script oppositions and humorous targets: Promoting values and constructing identities via humor in greek conversational data. Stilistyka 15, 119–134.

Archakis, A. & V. Tsakona. 2012. The narrative Construction of identities in Critical Education. Basingtoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Archakis, A. & V. Tsakona. 2018. A critical literacy proposal for exploring conflict and immigrant identities in the classroom: Or how not to sweep conflict under the multicultural classroom carpet. Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict 6 (1), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1075/jlac.00001.arc.

Attardo, S. 1994. Linguistic Theories of Humor. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Attardo, S. 2001. Humorous Texts: A Semantic and Pragmatic Analysis. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Bamberg, Μ. 1997. Positioning between Structure and Performance. Journal of Narrative and Life History 7 (1–4), 335-342. https://doi.org/10.1075/jnlh.7.42pos.

Bamberg, M. 2005. Narrative Discourse and Identities. In Meister, C., T. Kindt & W. Schermus (Eds.) Narratology beyond Literacy Criticism, Mediality, Disclipinarity, 213–237. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Bamberg, M. 2011. Narrative Practice and Identity Navigation. In Holstein, J., A. & J., F. Gubrium (Eds.) Varieties of Narrative Analysis, 99-124. London: Sage Publications.

Baynham, M. 2006. Performing self, family and community in Morrocan narratives of migration and settlement. In A. De Fina, D. Schiffrin & M.

Bamberg (Eds.), Discourse and Identity, 376–397. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511584459.019.

Bell, N. & A. Pomerantz. 2016. Humor in the Classroom: A Guide for Language Teachers and Educational Researchers. New York: Routledge.

Brown, P., & Levinson, S. 1987. Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bruner, J. 1991. The narrative construction of reality. Critical Inquiry 18 (1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1086/448619.

Bucholtz, M., & K., Hall. 2005. Identity and interaction: A sociocultural linguistic approach. Discourse Studies 7 (4–5), 584–614. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445605054407.

Butler, J. 1990. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge.

Castells, M. 2010. The Power of Identity. 2nd edition. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.

De Fina, A. 2000. Orientation in Immigrant Narratives: The role of ethnicity in the identification of characters. Discourse Studies, 2 (2), 131–157. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445600002002001.

De Fina, A. 2003. Identity in narrative: A study of immigrant discourse. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

De Fina, A. 2017. What is your dream? Fashioning the migrant self. Language and Communication 59, 42–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2017.02.002.

De Fina, A., & Baynham. 2016. Narrative analysis in migrant and trasnational contexts. In M., Martin-Jones & D., Martin (Eds.), Researching Mutilingualism: Critical and Ethnographic Perspectives, 31–45. London: Routledge.

De Fina, A., & Georgakopoulou, A. 2008. Analysing narratives as practices. Qualitative Research 8 (3), 379–387. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468794106093634.

De Fina, A., & Tseng. 2017. Narrative in the study of migrants. In S. Canagarajah (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Migration and Language, 381–396. New York: Routledge.

Enciso, P. 2011. Storytelling in critical literacy pedagogy: Removing the walls between immigrant and non-immigrant youth. English Teaching: Practice and Critique 10 (1), 21–40.

Holmes, J. 2000. Politeness, power and provocation: How humour functions in the workplace. Discourse Studies 2. 159-185. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445600002002002.

Norrick, Neal R. 1993. Conversational joking: Humor in everyday talk. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Sarbin T. R., & J. I. Kitsuse. 1994. A Prologue to Constructing the Social. In T. R. Sarbin & J. I. Kitsuse (eds.), Constructing the Social 1-17. London: Sage.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7592/Tertium2020.5.1.139.XXX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.